Pituitary tumors among toddlers are rare, but they do occur. These are tumors that occur in the pituitary gland, a peanut-shaped gland in the brain situated behind and between the eyes. Pituitary tumors in toddlers may be benign sometimes, which means they may be non-cancerous.
But, because the pituitary gland plays an important role in helping to regulate the body’s hormones, even a small problem can have serious effects on a person’s mood, on the ability to focus and concentrate as well as growth and overall maturation. Pituitary tumors can also cause symptoms due to pressure on other parts of the brain and may cause headaches, dizziness or vision-related problems.
Toddler pituitary tumors can display the following symptoms:
Restlessness or incessant crying
Where secretion of the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is low, the toddler can experience low blood sugar, fatigue and low blood pressure, which can cause dizziness while standing. On the other hand, with pituitary tumors that secrete ACTH, a variety of problems can result including stunted growth, weight gain, purple streaks in the skin, a round red face and a bulge of fat on the back of or below the neck. Toddler pituitary tumors can also cause weakness, depression, forgetfulness or trigger a sudden and complete or partial loss of vision.
Pituitary tumors that limit the function of the thyroid gland can also affect a child in many ways. The toddler can suffer from exhaustion, constipation, dry skin, nervousness and a sensitivity to heat or cold. The most common type of pituitary tumor among toddlers is due to the growth of embryonic remnants in the area of the pituitary gland. This condition is known as craniopharyngioma. These tumors often disrupt vision by pressing on the optic nerve.
Doctors can detect pituitary tumors using X-ray, computerized tomography scan or a magnetic resonance scan. To detect smaller tumors, doctors must conduct various tests to determine whether there is a hormonal imbalance. Toddler pituitary tumors must be promptly diagnosed and treated. Otherwise, your child could suffer serious consequences including permanent loss of vision.
If your doctor had failed to diagnose, misdiagnosed or diagnosed your toddler’s pituitary tumors too late, you may have been a victim of medical malpractice. Please contact an experienced Philadelphia toddler pituitary tumor misdiagnosis attorney at Anapol Schwartz to find out how you can protect your child’s legal rights and secure him or her the compensation needed for future medical expenses and rehabilitation.