Mononucleosis, commonly referred to as Mono, is a viral infection that often affects young adults between the ages of 12 and 35. It is also sometimes known as “glandular fever.”
If you are suffering from symptoms of Mono, then it is very important that you consult a health care provider who will perform a physical exam. If your doctor or physician suspects that you have Mono, then he or she will order a blood test to confirm that you do in fact have Mono. Symptoms of Mono may be apparent even as late as three to seven weeks after you have become infected with the virus. Some people may have no symptoms at all. Some of the most common symptoms of Mononucleosis include:
Sore throat or throat pain
Infectious mononucleosis is commonly caused by a virus known as the Epstein-Barr virus. Mono is contagious and is spread through infectious saliva, which is why it is often known as the “kissing disease.” However, for the virus to be passed on from one person to another, the exposure to infected saliva must take place repeatedly and for an extended period of time. Very often, people who get Mono have no idea how or why they got it. People who have Mono remain contagious for months. That’s because once an individual has become infected with the virus, it stays in the person’s body even after recovery. Apart from kissing, Mono could also be passed on from one person to another by sharing food, drinks or utensils.
Antibiotics may not be used to treat Mono, because it is caused by a virus. Over-the-counter pain killers may be used to treat fever, body aches or sore throat. Patients are advised to take extra rest. Mono will last about two weeks, but in some cases, could take several months.
When Mononucleosis goes undiagnosed or if your doctor fails to diagnose Mono, the results could be disastrous. For example, students who have been infected with the virus should refrain from participating in sports with a lot of physical contact because the virus can affect the spleen causing it to become enlarged. If an enlarged spleen is hit or strained, it could rupture and cause severe internal bleeding. Also, Mono could cause inflammation of the liver. So, if a person infected with the virus consumes alcohol, it could cause further liver damage.
If you or someone you love has suffered severe medical and physical consequences because of failure to diagnose.