Leakage of clear fluid from nose could be a symptom of conditions that could lead to brain or spinal damage. If this happens to your child, your doctor should conduct immediate tests to help diagnose and treat the problem. Cerebrospinal fluid is a clear, salty fluid that cushions different components of the central nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord.
Cerebrospinal fluid could leak from the nose especially with exertion or straining. This condition is considered dangerous because the opening between the brain and the sinuses gives bacteria from the nose access into the critical brain area. This can result in meningitis, or infection of the brain’s lining.
Earlier, the closure of such leaks involved a craniotomy or surgical operation involving opening of the skull and brain cavity. But recent advances in endoscopic sinus techniques allow this problem to be repaired through the nose without the need for facial or surgical procedures involving opening of the skull or brain cavity. Successful closure of the cerebrospinal fluid leaks can be achieved in more than 90 percent of cases using such an endoscopic approach.
Leaking of clear fluid from the nose could also be a sign that your toddler has suffered a severe head injury. This may even happen when your toddler bumps his or her head on a wall or the floor. If your child has blood or clear fluid coming out of his or her nose, you should get it checked immediately. This could often be accompanied by other symptoms such as:
Loss of consciousness
Having trouble walking normally
Has pupils of different sizes
When you have clear fluid coming out of the nose or ears in the case of a head injury, it may also be a sign of a fracture at the base of the skull or on the part of the skull that separates the air passages of the nose from the front part of the brain. If your toddler has clear fluid leaking from the nose or ears, your doctor must act quickly and order the necessary tests to diagnose the problem that has caused such a leak.
If your child has suffered brain damage or other complications because your doctor ignored these symptoms or failed to diagnose an underlying condition, you may have grounds to file a medical malpractice claim. If you suspect you may have been a victim of medical negligence.